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Herbert Hoover Vice President

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Herbert Clark Hoover (August 10, 1874 – October 20, 1964) was an American engineer, and politician who served as the 31st president of the United States from 1929 to 1933. He held office during the onset of the Great Depression and was given much of the blame for its harshness. Hoover became world famous by leading the Commission for Relief in Belgium in World War I. He directed the U. S. Food Administration when the U. S. entered the war and served as Secretary of Commerce in the 1920s. An energetic exponent of progressivism he promoted engineering-style efficiency in business and public service, and promoted standardization, elimination of waste, and international trade. He easily won the Republican presidential nomination in 1928 and defeated Democrat Al Smith in a landslide. Starting in late 1929 he tried multiple new ways to reverse the economic collapse as the world-wide Great Depression engulfed the United States, but it got worse and worse. He lacked the political skills to rally support and was defeated in a landslide in 1932 by Franklin D. Roosevelt. After this loss, Hoover became staunchly conservative, and spoke widely against liberal New Deal policies.



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